Massage therapy

Massage Guide Physaro - 186 Pages (french)

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A 186 pages guide about the different techniques of massage and their benefits (French)

Massage therapy

Massage is an ancestral art

Massage is one of the oldest therapies known to man. The first scriptures dealing with massage come from China and date back to 3000 BC.

Ancient Greeks and Romans used massage to preserve health and promote healing. The Greek and Roman physicians prescribed massages after a battle because of their restorative power and more generally for the maintenance of mental and physical health. Homer wrote about an oily mixture used for massage 1,000 years before Christ. Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine advised to take an aromatic bath and to have a perfumed massage daily for the maintenance of health. This was based on his research on the benefits of regular massage.

Massage therapy

Massage as a Therapy

Nowadays massage is used to relax the body and mind and relieve the stress and strains of everyday life. Many of the modern health problems we suffer from are directly related to high levels of stress. Contact stimulates the brain to produce endorphins, drivers and natural filters of mood and pain, but massage is much more than just a treatment that makes us feel good. Studies show that massage increases our immune function and lowers the level of our stress hormones. It is also indispensable for any sporting activity. It is a know-how with multiple effects: remove stress, invigorate the skin, tonify and relax the body and mind.

Hippocrates owes the medical code of ethics known as the "Hippocratic Oath". But he also wrote about the effects of massage, declaring that a physician had to be competent in many things, but that it must certainly be in "rubbing". The real word used by Hippocrates was anatripsis, "friction" in Greek and it is one of the main techniques used today in therapeutic massage.

Massage therapy

Presence of massage on all continents

Massage was used to heal throughout History. There is a natural instinct in rubbing a sore spot or pain to feel better, different cultures around the world have been inspired to develop different styles of massage. Massage is so old that its etymology remains uncertain - it would come from the ancient Greek "massin" (to mix), from "mass" Arabic or "mashesh" Hebrew (to press).

The first written reference to massage is in the "Nei Ching", The Yellow Emperor's Medicine Classic (written about 2700 BC in China), which describes many massage techniques and their use. The Indian texts on Ayurvedic medicine around 1800 BC also describe the massage. There are many references in the Old Testament of the Bible to the practice of people being "anointed with oil", especially after a long journey. Around 500 BC, there are also references to massage in the medical texts of Egypt, Persia and Japan.

In oriental models of massage, the emphasis is on the idea of balancing energy in the body. Acupressure massage developed in China, based on meridians and acupuncture energy points. It is often used in combination with other traditional systems such as "Anmo" (press and rub) and "Tuina" (push and pull). In Japan, "Amma" massage, which uses a variety of pressure, friction and stretching techniques, has traditionally been practiced by blind practitioners. Shiatsu combines this with pressure techniques on acupuncture points. Thai massage also combines pressure, friction and stretching with techniques that work on the body's energy lines.

In addition to its use by skilled professionals, massage has been used in families throughout Asia and Africa, especially by mothers massaging their baby, and head massage is an integral part of A visit to the barber or hairdresser in much of North Africa and Asia. In India and Asia, it is part of everyday life and represents a healthy lifestyle, a privileged moment of relaxation. The massage has also developed independently in other parts of the world. The first European visitors to the Pacific Islands described the use of massage (such as the Hawaiian "Lomilomi"); Captain James Cook, on his third trip to the Pacific in the late 18th century, enjoyed a massage ("romee") in Tahiti to relieve sciatic pain.