The Benefits of Cryotherapy or "Cold Therapy"
Cryotherapy involves applying cold to a pathological area of the body. The effect of cold is to reduce the size of the vessels (vasoconstriction), to relieve the pain and to help reduce the bruising.
The cold compress or the instantaneous spray of cold allow a rapid treatment of the pains of traumatic origin, articular or muscular. The cold is both anesthetic, and prevents the muscle from making toxins like lactic acid (cramps, contractures).
Cryotherapy and the effects:
- Relieves pain
- Accelerates blood circulation
- Reduces the sensation of heavy legs
- Eliminates toxins
- Decreases fat cells
- Tissues firming
History of Cryotherapy
For millennia, men have been able to take advantage of heat treatments for the purpose of curing or relieving pain.
Cryotherapy has existed since ancient times, especially in Greece and ancient Egypt, the cold water bath method was already used. The Roman Baths also used cold water sources for medicinal purposes.
These cultures had highlighted the benefits of cold for health, metabolism stimulation, improved blood circulation, but also positive action on respiration, cardiac activity, digestion and the nervous system.
The Japanese were the first to develop a scientific methodology: it was Dr. Yamaguchi who developed the cryotherapy chamber in the 1970s.
In June 2011, this method was used for the first time in professional cycling circles, on the occasion of the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré, which sees the runners of the La Française des Jeux team participate regularly in cryotherapy sessions in order to To promote their recovery after exertion.
How does it works?
Cryotherapy is used in the medical field as well as in the field of well-being or in beauty institutes. It exists in several forms according to the needs and the desires of each one:
- Local cryotherapy with application of ice packs, spraying of refrigerant sprays, nitrogen under pressure.
- Immersion in cold water for sportsmen, also used in some hospitals to stimulate the immune system of patients.
- Whole body cryotherapy offers a controlled thermal shock.